Betere projecten voor een betere wereld
Frederik Stapke – One person’s trash is another person’s treasure
This thesis was written for the Buleleng Waste project in the Buleleng regency in the North of Bali. The goal of this initiative is to tackle the rising challenge of solid waste in the regency which threatens the public’s health, the environment, and the tourism sector. Based on learning points from this village, this thesis supports the goal of the Buleleng Waste Project by investigating how pro-environmental behavior can be achieved on the household level.
Waste management practices were found to be inconsistent and diversified within and across households. The absence of a formal system and lack of clear guidelines led to a variety of mostly undesired practices that based on ad-hoc decisions derived from subjective judgment of space, convenience, and nuisance. Although many people separated and composted, trash burning remained a popular choice as people struggled to get rid of inorganic materials. Awareness to the hazards of plastics and burning was partly present but people underestimated the reach and magnitude of the consequences. In the light of cultural and social stigma, inorganics were generally perceived as ‘just trash’. The combination of unawareness to alternatives, social acceptability of burning, and emotional non-investment then led to mostly concealed harmful disposal. Furthermore, disruption of formal high-end services proved to have adverse effects on disposal behaviors of households but also on the perceived control of operators.
Finally, top-down and bottom-up approaches to the promotion of better waste management were found effective if combined. In addition, relatable, pragmatic, and continuous education were key if synergized with a step-by-step approach on the infrastructural level. Tangible and emotional incentives can be used to assure short-term compliance and introduce an intrinsic change that tackles social and cultural barriers. Given the strict time and cultural limitations, the researcher recommends further research into other villages’ approaches and cultural implications on the perception of waste.
Mario Haaf – How can Social Impact Bonds support entrepreneurship?
This research examines the applicability of the Social Impact Bond model (Social Finance UK, 2013) on entrepreneurship and establishes conditions under which a Social Impact Bond (SIB) becomes feasible, thereby adding to the fields of entrepreneurship, social finance, and dynamic innovation networks (DIN). SIB-based interventions were previously limited to collaboration with well-established organizations. In cooperation with the Strascheg Center for Entrepreneurship (SCE) and the Windesheim Honours College (WHC), this bachelor thesis explores the possibility to use the model to foster and finance startups. The report draws attention to specific financing needs of social startups and to impact Germany’s future social issues.
The results led to the examination of the management approach of four-Munich based entrepreneurship centers (ECs) as intermediaries in SIBs. Seven startup consultants and two start-up founders were interviewed with the goal to assess the applicability of the SIB-model on the start-up ecosystem. Finally, the research data was cross-analyzed to identify the five principles of DINs (Weber, 2016).
As main findings, the research established six conditions of successful entrepreneurship inclusion into SIB models:
- Interventions should have a proof of concept.
- Startups should be mature.
- Intermediaries must be involved at all stages.
- Success indicators must be defined on a case-by-case basis.
- Transaction costs must be kept at a minimum.
- Five principles of DINs must be considered.
The findings revealed that the management approach of ECs is not appropriate for a SIB-model due to the high volatility and default rate of startups. Nevertheless, ECs play an essential role as intermediaries that would receive funding through the SIB model. The report recommends to insert the five evaluation indicators during the forming of SIBs to enable stakeholders to react in real time on difficulties. Stakeholders need to take into consideration two types of success indicators: One related to the bond that triggers outcome payments and one for selecting startups.